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乳腺科科普知识汇总

发布时间: 2019-02-19 点击量:

       1.先天性乳头内陷用治疗吗?

沙巴国际   RUTOUNEIXIANSHIZHIRUTOUAOXIANYURUYUNZHIZHONG,AOXIANRUTOUNEIKEJICUNWUGOU、YOUZHI,YOUKENENGZAOCHENGSHIZHENHUOYANZHENG,YEYOURENRENWEIHUIZENGJIARUXIANAIFASHENGDEWEIXIAN,LINGWAINEIXIANDERUTOUBUDANYINGXIANGMEIGUAN,HAIYOUKENENGYINGXIANGDAORIHOUDEBURU。SUOYIRUTOUNEIXIANDENVXINGYAOZHUYIBAOCHIRUTOUJUBUDEQINGJIE,KEYIDINGQIYONGQINGSHUIQINGXIRUTOUNEIDEWUGOU。DUOSHURUTOUNEIXIANKEYITONGGUOFEISHOUSHUFANGFAZHILIAO,BIRUYONGSHOUZHIQIANYIN,YEKEYIJIEZHUXINAIQI、ZHUSHEQIDENGGONGJUJINXINGQIANYIN。DANSHIRUGUOSHIZAIRENSHENQIJIAN,BUJIANYIJINXINGRUTOUJIAOZHENG,YINWEICIJIRUTOUKENENGZAOCHENGGONGSUO,DAOZHIZAOCHAN。DANGRAN,YOUXIEYISHENGYEHUIXUANZEJINXINGSHOUSHUZHILIAOYIGAISHANWAIXING,DANYOUKENENGPOHUAIJUBUDERUGUANHESHENJINGERYINGXIANGBURUGONGNENG。DUIYUXIANGJIAOZHENGRUTOUNEIXIANXINGTAIQIEWUBURUYAOQIUZHE,YEKEYIKAOLVSHOUSHUZHILIAO。

  2.怀孕以后双侧腋窝各出现一个包块是怎么回事?用治疗吗?

沙巴国际   ZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGDUOSHUSHIYEWOXIADEFURUXIANFAYU。FURUXIANSHIYIZHONGXIANTIANXINGJIXING,SHIMEIYOUTUIHUAWANQUANDEQITARUXIAN,HUAIYUNYIHOUZAITINEIJISUDECIJIXIAZHUJIANSHENGZHANGFAYU,YIBANMEIYOUSHIJIBURUGONGNENG。FURUXIANHEZHENGCHANGRUXIANYIYANGYEHUIDEYANZHENGSHENZHIAIZHENG,DANSHIFABINGGAILVSHIYIYANGDE,SUOYIZAIMEIYOUJIBINGDEQINGKUANGXIAYIBANSHIBUYONGZHILIAODE,RUGUONINJUEDESHIZAISHIBUHAOKAN,JIANGLAIKEYIXUANZESHOUSHUQIECHU。DANGRAN,YEWOXIADEBAOKUAIYEKENENGSHIQITAJIBING,RUGUOZIJIGAOBUQING,KEYIDAOYIYUANRANGDAFUBANGMANGKANKAN。

  3.新生儿乳头有分泌物正常吗?

沙巴国际   80-90%DEXINSHENGERRUTOUKEFENMIRUZHI,CHENGWEI“NVWUDERUZHI”,ZHEISHIYINWEIMUQINZAIRENSHENWANQIXUEYEZHONGGAOSHUIPINGDEHUANGTIHETAIPANJISUTONGGUOTAIPANJINRUTAIERXUEYEXUNHUANERCIJITAIERDERUXIAN,YINGERCHUSHENGSHIMUTIYUTAIERDEXUEYEXUNHUANFENLI,DAOZHIYINGERXUNHUANXUEYEZHONGXINGJISUSHUIPINGXUNSUJIANGDI,ERCISHIYINGERNAOCHUITIDECUIRUSUSHUIPINGCHUYUFENMIZHUANGTAI,ZHEISHIXINSHENGERDERUXIANHUIFASHENGLEISIYUMUQINRENSHENWANQIRUXIANDEBIANHUA,ERCHANSHENGRUZHI,SUIZHEXINSHENGERTINEIDEXINGJISUJICUIRUSUJIANGZHIZHENGCHANG,XINSHENGERRUTOUMIRUHUIZAIJIZHOUHOUJIKETINGZHI,RUOCHIXUCUNZAIZEXUJINYIBUJIANCHACHUWAIXIANGGUANJIBING。

  4.女孩一般从多大年龄开始乳腺发育?

  NVHAIRUFANGFAYUYIBANZAI8-13SUIZHIJIAN,PINGJUNNIANLINGWEI10.9SUI。

  5.为什么有些人的乳房会一大一小?

  YIBANLAISHUO,RENTIDECHENGDUIQIGUANDOUSHIBUWANQUANDUICHENGDE,BIRUSHUANGSHOU、SHUANGJIAO,JINGQUECELIANGQILAIHAISHIYOUXIWEICHABIEDE,RUXIANYERUSHI。BUGUOYOUXIERENYINWEIXIANTIANXINGYINSUJIWAISHANG、SHOUFUSHE、SHENGYUDENGYINSU,WAIGUANBUDUICHENGHUIMINGXIANYIXIE。RUGUORENWEIZIJIDERUFANGYIDAYIXIAOHENMINGXIAN,YAOQINGZHUANYEYISHENGZHENDUANQINGCHU,PAICHULEBINGLIXINGYINSUJIUBUYONGDANXINHAIPALE。ZHENZHENGDERUFANGBUDUICHENGXUYAOZHENGXINGJISHUCAINENGJIEJUE,QIANWANBUYAOBAZIJIDERUFANGJIAOJIMEIRONGYUAN。

  6.青春期女孩双侧乳房疼痛正常吗?

沙巴国际   TONGCHANGZHUANGKUANGXIA,ZHEIGEWENTIDEHUIDASHI“ZHENGCHANG”。ZAIQINGCHUNQI,NVHAIDERUFANGJINGLIZHEYISHENGZHONGFEICHANGMINGXIANDEBIANHUA,ZHEIZHUYAOSHIYOUYUTINEICI、YUNJISUFENMIDEJULIEBIANHUAYINQI。RUFANGTENGTONGTONGCHANGFASHENGZAIYUEJINGQIANQI,WEIJIANXIEXINGZHANGTONGHUOCITONG、ZHUOTONG,SHIRENXINFANYILUAN,CHANSHENGKONGAIDEXINLI。ERRUFANGTENGTONGHAIHUISUIZHEQINGXUBODONG、SHUIMIANBUZU、GUODULAOLEI、FUYONGMOUXIEHANYOUJISUDEYAOWUJIAZHONG。ZHEIZHONGRUFANGTENGTONGZAIQINGCHUNQIRUFANGGANGKAISHIFAYUSHIBIAOXIANJIAOZHONG,ZAIQINGXULIANGHAO、YUEJINGHOU、SHENGHUOGUILVHOUMINGXIANJIANQING。SUOYISHUO,QINGCHUNQIRUFANGTENGTONGSHIBUXUYAOZHILIAOERZIYUDE。DANSHI,RUGUONIANQINGNVHAIZAIRUFANGZIJIANHUOXIZAOSHIFAXIANRUFANGYOUZHONGWUHAISHIXUYAOQINGZHUANYEDERUXIANKEYISHENGZHENZHIQINGCHU。

  7.怀孕之后乳晕变大颜色变深正常吗?

  DANGRANZHENGCHANGLE。HUAIYUNHOU,RUFANGSHOUJISUDEYINGXIANG,RUFANGMINGXIANZENGDABAOMAN,RUTOUTINGQI,RUYUNQUBIANDAYANSEBIANSHEN。ZHEIXIEDOUSHIWEILEXIAOBAOBAODEJIANGSHENGHOUDEKOULIANGZUOZHUNBEI。RUYUNQUYANSEJIASHENBIANDAKEYISHIXINSHENGERZAIJIANGSHENGHOUSHILIHAIBUTAIQINGCHUDEQINGKUANGXIAZHUYIDAOTA(TA)DEFANWAN。CHANHOULIJIMUYINGJIFUJIECHUDEXINSHENGERKEYISHENQIDITONGGUOGONGYIGONG、PAYIPABAZUIBANUODAOMAMADERUTOUSHANGKAISHIZIZHUXINAI。YOUXIEZHUNMAMADERUYUNZENGDABUMINGXIAN、YANSEYEGAIBIANBUDUOBUYONGZHEJI,RUFANGDEFAYUCHIXUDAOCHANHOUDEYIDUANSHIJIAN。YEJIUSHIYOUDEXIANZHANGYOUDEHOUZHANG,YIBANBUHUIYINGXIANGBAOBAOCHINAI。

  8.乳晕区有很多“小疙瘩”是怎么回事?

  RUYUNQUZHEIXIE“XIAOGEDA”DEMINGZIJIAOZUO: “MAISHIXIANHUOMENGGEMALIXIAN”,TASHIBAOHANPIZHIXIANHERUXIANDEFUHEXIANTI。QINGCHUNQIHOUZHUJIANZENGDA,YUNHOUZENGDAGENGJIAMINGXIAN,TEBIEMINGXIANDEBIAOXIANWEITUQIPIFUDEXIAOGEDA。MAISHIXIANDEZUOYONGSHIZAIBURUQISHIFENMIYOUZHIZIRUNBEIBAOBAOJINGCHANGKENYAODERUTOU。LINGWAI,TADEFENMIWUHANYOUTEBIEDEXIANGWEI,BAOBAOTEBIEXIHUAN,JIUSHIBIZHEYANHEIZHEDENGYENENGSHUNZHEWEIDAOZHAODAOMAMADERUTOUCHINAI。YOUDEYUNFUZAIFAXIANRUYUNQUDEXIAOGEDASHIFEICHANGKONGHUANG,YONGSHOUJIYAHUOTIAOPO,WANGWANGHUIZAOCHENGMAISHIXIANDEGANRAN。

  9.新生女婴的乳房挤挤,将来乳房发育好,这种说法正确吗?

沙巴国际   ZHEIZHONGSHUOFABUZHENGQUE。RUFANGDESHENGZHANGFAYUYOULAIYURENTIXIAQIUNAO-CHUITI-XINGXIANZHOUFENMIDEGEZHONGJISUDEGONGTONGZUOYONG,YUCHUSHENGHOUJIRUFANGBUXIANGGUAN。XINSHENGERZAICHUSHENGHOUDE1-2ZHOUNEISHOUDAOCONGMUTIDAILAIDEDUOZHONGTAIPANJISUDEYINGXIANG,RUFANGHUIYOUZHONGDASHENZHIMIRUXIANXIANG,ZHEISHIZHENGCHANGDESHENGLIXIANXIANG。RUOZAICISHIQIJIYAXINSHENGERRUFANGYIDAOZHIRUXIANSHUIZHONG,HEBINGXIJUNGANRANYINFAXINSHENGERRUXIANYAN。

  10.乳房较小会影响将来哺乳吗?

沙巴国际   BUYINGXIANGBURU。RUFANGSHIYOUPIFU、PIXIAZUZHI、XIANYE、XUEGUAN、SHENJING、JIEDIZUZHIJIZHIFANGDENGZUCHENG。RUZHISHIYOUXIANYENEIDEXIANPAOSUOCHANSHENG,MEIGERUFANGDAYUEYOU15-20GEXIANYEZUCHENG。ERRUFANGDEDAXIAODADUOYUZHIFANGHANLIANGXIANGGUAN,ZHIFANGZUZHIBUHUICHANSHENGRUZHI,YEYUCHANRULIANGBUXIANGGUAN。YINCIZHIYAOSHIZHENGCHANGFAYUDERUFANG,CHANHOUJUNKEFENMIRUZHI,YURUFANGDAXIAOWUGUAN。

  11.乳头溢液原因有哪些?

沙巴国际   YIBANBINGYIN:

沙巴国际   RUGUOCHUXIANDERUTOUYIYESHIDANRUTOUYIYEZHE,DUOSHUGENYIXIAJIZHONGRUFANGJIBINGYOUGUAN:

  (1)RUXIANDAOGUANKUOZHANGZHENG: YIYEDEYANSEDUOWEIZONGSE,SHAOSHUWEIXUEXING;CIBINGHAOFAYU40SUIYISHANGFEIBURUQIHUOJUEJINGQIFUNV。CHAOSHENGXIADUOKEJIANDAOKUOZHANGDERUDAOGUAN。

沙巴国际   (2)RUGUANNEIRUTOUZHUANGLIU: DUOWEIXUEXING、ZONGSEJIANGYEXINGYIYE,LIUTIDUOFASHENGZAILINJINRUTOUDEBUWEI,DUOSHUHUANZHERUFANGWUKECHUJIDEZHONGKUAI,CHAOSHENGXIADUOKEJIANKUOZHANGDAOGUANNEIYICHANGHUISHENG,RUGUANJINGJIANCHADUOKEJIANMINGQUEDELIUTI。

  (3)RUFANGNANGXINGZENGSHENG: BUFENBINGRENRUTOUYIYEWEIHUANGLVSE、ZONGSE、XUEXINGHUOWUSEJIANGYEYANG。CIBINGYOULIANGGETEDIAN: YISHIBIAOXIANWEIRUFANGZHOUQIXINGZHANGTONG,HAOFAHUOJIAZHONGYUYUEJINGQIANQI。ERSHIRUFANGDUOYOUSHUANGCESANZAITIAOSUOYANG、KELIJIEJIEYANGZENGHOU,YUPIFUWUNIANLIAN,YUZHOUWEIZUZHIJIEXIANBUQING,YUEJINGHOUKEYOUSUOXIAO。

  (4)RUXIANAI: BUFENRUXIANAIBINGRENYOUXIANHONGHUOANHONGSEDERUTOUYIYE,YOUSHIHUICHANSHENGQINGSHUIXINGYIYE,KEBANYOUYIYERUGUANXIANGYINGBUWEIDEZHONGKUAIHUOZENGHOU。

  SHAOJIANBINGYIN

  (1)HUANYOUJIANNAOJIBINGHUONAOCHUITIBINGBIAN,RUJIANNAOJIQIFUJINZUZHIZHONGLIU、MIRUSUXIANLIU、SONGGUOTILIU、CHUITIGONGNENGKANGJIN、ZHIDUANFEIDAZHENGDENG;

沙巴国际   (2)HUANYOUNEIFENMIXITONGJIBING,RUYUANFAXINGJIAZHUANGXIANGONGNENGDIXIA、SHENSHANGXIANLIUDENG;

沙巴国际   (3)HUANYOUXIONGBUJIBING,RUFEIBURUQIRUXIANYANDENG;

  (4)YAOWUDEFUZUOYONG,RULVBINGQIN、MAFEI、LIXUEPING、MADINGLIN、WEIFUAN、BINGMIQIN、JIAJIDUOBAYIJIBIYUNYAODENGJISULEIYAOWU,DOUKEYINQIRENTIDENEIFENMIGONGNENGWENLUAN、CIJICUIRUSUFENMI,CONGERDAOZHIRUFANGYIYEXIANXIANGDEFASHENG;

沙巴国际   (5)RUFANGDEJUBUCIJIHEQUANSHENDEYINGJIFANYING,RUJINGCHANGWANNONGHUOXISHUNRUTOU、YANZHONGDEJINGSHENCHUANGSHANG、TURANDESHENGHUOXIGUANGAIBIANDENGYINSU,YEKECUJINCUIRUSUDEFENMI,DAOZHICUIRUSUCHUXIANYIGUOXINGDEZENGGAOERYINFARUFANGYIYE。

  12.乳腺癌的检查手段有哪些?

沙巴国际   (1)RUXIANCHAOSHENGJIANCHA

沙巴国际   ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIZHONGKUAIXINGZHUANGBUGUIZE,BIANJIEBUQING,JUBUCHENGJIAOHUOMAOCI,BUFENKEYOUGAOHUISHENGYUN,BUJUNYUNDIHUISHENGHUOJIDIHUISHENG,HOUFANGHUISHENGSHUAIJIAN。

沙巴国际   YOUDIAN: 1. CHAOSHENGJIANCHAWUTONGKU、WUSUNSHANG。2.WUFANGSHEXING,DUINIANQINGNVXING,YOUQISHIRENSHENQI、BURUQINVXINGGENGWEISHIYI。3.DUIWEIXIAOJIEJIEXIANSHIJIAOMINGAN。4.DUIRUXIANZUZHIDECENGCIXIANSHIQINGCHU,DINGWEIZHUNQUE,YOUQISHIKEZAICHAOSHENGYINDAOXIAZHUNQUEJINXINGCHUANCIHUOJIAN。

  (2)RUXIANXXIANSHEYINGJIANCHA

  ZHUYAOBIAOXIANWEIYOUMAOCIDEBUGUIZEGAOMIDUZHONGKUAIBANWEIGAIHUA、DUANYANGFENBUDEXIXIANYANGHEXIXIANFENZHIYANGGAIHUA。

  YOUDIAN: ZAIWEIXIAOGAIHUAHEXIAOMAOCIYANGGAIBIANDENGTEZHENGXINGBIAOXIANFANGMIANMINGXIANYOUYUCHAOSHENGJIANCHA。

  QUEDIAN: DUIZHIMIXINGRUXIANXIANSHIBUMANYI。CHAOSHENGJIANCHAKEYUXXIANSHEYINGHUWEIBUCHONG,TIGAOZHENDUANLV。

  (3)RUXIANDAOGUANNEIKUIJINGJIANCHA

  RUGUANJINGJIANCHASHIJIANGWAIJING1mmYIXIADENEIKUIJINGCHARURUTOUYIYEDERUXIANDAOGUAN,KEYIZHIJIEGUANCHAHUANBINGRUGUANNEIDEQINGKUANG,RUDAOGUANSHIFOUKUOZHANG,GUANBISHIFOUGUANGHUA,YOUWUPOHUAI,SHIFOUZHANGYOUZHONGLIU,TONGSHIKEYIZHUNQUEDINGWEI,SUOXIAOSHOUSHUFANWEI。

沙巴国际   (4)ZHENXIXIBAOXUEJIANCHA

  AILIUXIBAONIANZHENENGLIDI,YIYUXICHU。XIZHENCHUANCICAOZUOJIANDAN,TONGKUXIAO,ZHENDUANZHUNQUELVGAO,BUHUIYINQIAIXIBAOZHONGZHIHEKUOSAN。CIXIANGJIANCHAZAIRUXIANAIDEZAOQIZHENDUANHUOPUCHAZHONGQIZHEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。YANGXINGLVKEDA70~90%,YIBANZAI80%YISHANG。

沙巴国际   (5)RUXIANHUOTIZUZHIJIANCHA

沙巴国际   ①KONGXINZHENCHUANCIHUOJIAN。SUNSHANGXIAO,YIYUCAOZUO,KEDEDAOZUZHIXUEZHENDUAN,KEXINGMIANYIZUHUAJIANCHA。

  ②QIECHUHUOJIAN。JIANGZHONGLIUJIQIZHOUWEIBUFENRUXIANZUZHIYIBINGWANZHENGQIECHU,JINXINGBINGLIJIANCHA。

沙巴国际   ③RUXIANYINGXIANGDINGWEICHUANCIHUOJIAN。YOUSHIYONGYULINCHUANGCHUBUDAOZHONGKUAIDEWEIXIAOBINGZAOHUOGAIHUA。

  ④BINGDONGQIEPIANJIANCHA。ZAIZUOHAOSHOUSHUZHUNBEIDEQINGKUANGXIA,JIANGQIECHUDEZHONGLIUZUZHIJINXINGBINGDONGQIEPIANJIANCHA,XUNSUHUODEKEKAODEBINGLIZHENDUAN。

  (6)WEICHUANGXUANQIEHUOJIAN

  (7)SHOUSHUHUOJIAN

  13.乳腺影像检查报告的BI-RADS分级标准

沙巴国际   0JI: WUFAWANCHENGPINGJIA,JIANYIQITAYINGXIANGJIANCHA

  1JI: WEIJIANYICHANG

沙巴国际   2JI: FUHELIANGXINGTUXIANGGAIBIAN

  3JI: LIANGXINGKENENGXINGDA,JIANYIDINGQIFUCHA,BIYAOSHIHUOJIAN

  4JI: KEYIEXING,JIANYICHUANCIHUOJIAN

  5JI: FUHEEXINGTUXIANGGAIBIAN

沙巴国际   6JI: YIXINGHUOJIANZHENGSHIWEIAI

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